Before you actually attempt to wash your clothes there are a few decisions you need to make. There are numerous settings that you can select to ensure that your clothes are washed properly without any disasters occurring such as them changing shape or size and having coloured dyes running throughout the load. Modern washing machines are much easier to operate than the ones of old. You need to select the correct temperature for the clothes to be washed and also the correct washing cycle for them. For example, if you are washing woollen items the temperature is usually displayed on the label of the garment which needs to be adhered to and a washing cycle that is compatible with wool. A suitable detergent and/of softener needs to be added to the wash box. Now that you have the basics done you can start the wash.
First Step: The door will automatically lock and will not open until the washing cycle is complete or you press the stop button. You will here water will enter the washing machine which is usually coming from a hose that also feeds the cold tap on your sink. This enters via a solenoid valve at the back of the machine behind the panels. Most modern washings have only one solenoid for cold water entry while many older machines can be plumbed for hot water and cold water. The water travels through the soap box where it picks up the detergent before travelling in to the drum. There is also a level switch in place that will deactivate the water inlet solenoid when the required level is reached.
Second Step: The water is then heated. There is a heating element within the drum of the washing machine which is used to heat the water. The element will continue to heat the water until the temperature reaches the setting that you selected earlier before starting the cycle. This temperature is controlled by a thermostat which will turn on and off the element as required.
Third Step: When the correct temperature has been reached the drum will then start to turn in one direction. If you observe your washing machine when it is in cycle you notice that at times the drum will stop and then start turning in the opposite direction. The speed of rotation and the duration may also vary. The rotation of the drum is achieved by the use of a drive motor and belt system. This again is controlled by the cycle you selected earlier.